Biology

Course Offerings

BIOL–100 Fundamentals of Biology (4 credits)
Course for non-science majors that explores fundamental concepts of biology and relates them to social issues. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Credit not applicable for biology majors or minors. Fall, spring.
BIOL–100L Fundamentals of Biology Lab
Course for non-science majors that explores fundamental concepts of biology and relates them to social issues. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Credit not applicable for biology majors or minors. Fall, spring.
BIOL–107 General Biology (4 credits)
Course for science majors that introduces basic principles of cell biology, metabolism, genetics, molecular biology, and evolution. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Fall.
BIOL–107L General Biology Lab
Course for science majors that introduces basic principles of cell biology, metabolism, genetics, molecular biology, and evolution. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Fall.
BIOL–108 General Zoology (3 credits)
Studies major animal phyla with respect to phylogeny, taxonomy, morphology, and physiology. Two hours lecture, two hours lab. Prerequisite: Biology 107 or 117 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Spring.
BIOL–108L General Zoology Lab
Studies major animal phyla with respect to phylogeny, taxonomy, morphology, and physiology. Two hours lecture, two hours lab. Prerequisite: Biology 107 or 117 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Spring.
BIOL–109 General Botany (4 credits)
Introduces basic principles of biology and studies major plant groups from a functional, structural, systematic, and evolutionary approach. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Fall.
BIOL–109L General Botany Lab
Introduces basic principles of biology and studies major plant groups from a functional, structural, systematic, and evolutionary approach. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Fall.
BIOL–110 Clinical Microbiology (3 credits)
Introduces microorganisms and includes isolation, pathogenicity, serology, identification, ecology, and the significance of microorganisms to humans. Two hours lecture, two hours lab. Credit not applicable for professional biology majors. Fall.
BIOL–110L Clinical Microbiology Lab
Introduces microorganisms and includes isolation, pathogenicity, serology, identification, ecology, and the significance of microorganisms to humans. Two hours lecture, two hours lab. Credit not applicable for professional biology majors. Fall.
BIOL–112 Human Anatomy and Physiology I (4 credits)
Introduces basic anatomy and physiology using a systems approach. Emphasizes cells, tissues, musculoskeletal system, and nervous system. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Credit not applicable for biology majors or minors. Same as Exercise and Sport Science 112. Fall.
BIOL–112L Human Anatomy/Physiology I Lab
Introduces basic anatomy and physiology using a systems approach. Emphasizes cells, tissues, musculoskeletal system, and nervous system. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Credit not applicable for biology majors or minors. Same as Exercise and Sport Science 112. Fall.
BIOL–113 Human Anatomy and Physiology II (4 credits)
Continues the study of topics covered in Biology 112 and includes the endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, urinary, and digestive systems. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Credit not applicable for biology majors or minors. Prerequisite: Biology 112 with a grade of C- or better or permission of the instructor. Same as Exercise and Sport Science 113. Spring.
BIOL–113L Human Anatomy/Physiology II Lab
Continues the study of topics covered in Biology 112 and includes the endocrine, cardiovascular, immune, respiratory, urinary, and digestive systems. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Credit not applicable for biology majors or minors. Prerequisite: Biology 112 with a grade of C- or better or permission of the instructor. Same as Exercise and Sport Science 113. Spring.
BIOL–117 Modern Biology: Molecular Perspectives (3 credits)
Designed to give biology majors foundational knowledge and skills for subsequent courses in the major. Seminar-style course introduces basic principles of molecular biology and genetics, and examines societal and ethical issues surrounding use of biotechnology in medicine and agriculture. Prerequisite: Freshmen admission to biology program or permission of the chair of the Department of Biology. Fall.
BIOL–118 Modern Biology: Environmental Perspectives (3 credits)
Gives biology majors foundational knowledge and skills for subsequent courses in the major. Seminar style course introduces environmental topics by exploring ecological, societal, and ethical issues surrounding the relationship of humans to their environment. Prerequisite: Freshmen admission to the biology or environmental sciences programs or permission of the chair of the Department of Biology. Spring.
BIOL–199 Special Topics in Biology (1-4 credits)
Lectures, discussions, or special laboratory topics not covered in regular course offerings. Provides greater depth to topics of special interest or explores rapidly changing areas in biology. May be repeated. Prerequisites announced when specific topics scheduled.
BIOL–200ELEC Biology 200-LEVEL Elective (1-6 credits)
Used for transfer credit.
BIOL–201 Human Genetics and Society (3 credits)
Discusses human genetics and its relation to social issues. Credit not applicable for biology majors or minors.
BIOL–214 Field Zoology (3 credits)
Emphasizes the identification, structure, functions, ecology, and behavior of vertebrates. Regional field study involved. Summer.
BIOL–215 Field Botany (3 credits)
A study of mosses, ferns, conifers, and flowering plants, including identification, morphology, and ecology. Field study involved. May be taken twice for credit if the field sites are different. Summer.
BIOL–225 Horticulture (3 credits)
A study of the growth, development, and technology involved in the production, maintenance, use, and marketing of horticultural plants and products. Two hours lecture, two hours lab. Spring, alternate years.
BIOL–225L Horticulture Lab
A study of the growth, development, and technology involved in the production, maintenance, use, and marketing of horticultural plants and products. Two hours lecture, two hours lab. Spring, alternate years.
BIOL–299 Special Topics in Biology (1-4 credits)
Lectures, discussions, or special laboratory topics not covered in regular course offerings. Provides greater depth to topics of special interest or explores rapidly changing areas in biology. May be repeated. Prerequisites announced when specific topics scheduled.
BIOL–305 Microbial Ecology (3 credits)
Concerned with the wide range of microorganisms that exist and their roles in the environment. Concentrates on the following areas: (1) microbial environments; (2) detection of microbial activity; (3) impact of microbial activity on the environment in terms of nutrient cycling and pollutant fate; (4) detection and control of pathogens in the environment; (5) bioremediation (includes risk assessment and environmental biotechnology). Three hours lecture, field studies at sites that utilize microbes (e.g., sewage treatment plants, fermentor facilities). Prerequisite: A 100-level biology course with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Spring, alternate years.
BIOL–310 History of Life (3 credits)
A study of major events in the history of life from the origin of life some four billion years ago to the extinction and speciation episodes that have resulted in the variety of organisms that occupy the planet in more recent geologic time. Prerequisite: A 100-level biology course with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Fall, alternate years.
BIOL–315 Ethnobotany (3 credits)
Examines the intimate connection between plants and human society. It is integrative in that it includes information from botany, chemistry, archaeology, anthropology and history. Topics covered will include agriculture, genetically modified crops, medicinal plants, plant secondary compounds and psychoactive plants. The goal of the course is to provide students with a better understanding of the importance of plants and plant products to human civilization. Students will gain experience in reading and summarizing scientific articles and books.
BIOL–320 Evolution and Ecology (4 credits)
Introduces principles and concepts of evolution and ecology, with emphasis on the intricate and intrinsic relationship between these disciplines. Examines mechanisms of evolutionary change and interactions of organisms, populations, and communities of organisms within their environment. Addresses how these interactions occur, what effects they have on the functioning of natural communities, and how they influence the evolution of populations and species. Three hours lecture, three hours lab. Prerequisites: Biology 109 and 118 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Fall.
BIOL–320L Evolution and Ecology Lab
Introduces principles and concepts of evolution and ecology, with emphasis on the intricate and intrinsic relationship between these disciplines. Examines mechanisms of evolutionary change and interactions of organisms, populations and communities of organisms within their environment. Addresses how these interactions occur, what effects they have on the functioning of natural communities and how they influence the evolution of populations and species. Three hours lecture, three hours lab. Prerequisites: Biology 107 with a grade of C or better or permission of instructor. Recommended: Biology 108, 109 with a grade of C- or better. Fall.
BIOL–321L Microtechnique and Microanatomy Lab
Studies a variety of section and non-section techniques for preparation of cells and tissues (primarily animal) for microscopic examination and examines anatomical features of such preparations. Two hours lecture, two hours lab. Prerequisites: Biology 107 or 117, 108 with a grade of C- or better; or permission of instructor. Summer.
BIOL–322 Biological Physics (3 credits)
Introduces biophysical methods from a physics perspective and discusses the application of these methods toward research questions in biology. Topics include biomolecular structures, structure determination and simulation, and molecular motors. Three hours lecture. Prerequisite: Mathematics 221; Physics 121 or 210. Same as Physics 322.
BIOL–323 Tropical Ecology of Costa Rica (3 credits)
Provides a detailed understanding of the natural history and ecology of Costa Rica, including the identifiable features of many plants and animals of Costa Rica. Designed primarily for biology and environmental studies majors, the course develops writing and presentation skills, while also framing student learning in an ecological and conservation context. The course culminates in a trip to Costa Rica (~ 2 weeks); the trip component of the course helps to solidify student learning through experiential learning. Two hours lecture, field trip to Costa Rica. Prerequisite: Biology 118 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Spring.
BIOL–330 Mycology (4 credits)
Introduces fungi with emphasis on ecology, morphology and taxonomy of representative groups. Two hours lecture, four hours lab. Prerequisites: Biology 107 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor.
BIOL–330L Mycology Lab
Introduces fungi with emphasis on ecology, morphology and taxonomy of representative groups. Two hours lecture, four hours lab. Prerequisites: Biology 107 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor.
BIOL–331 Genetics (4 credits)
Fundamental principles of inheritance in animals, plants, and microorganisms with emphasis on molecular genetics. Three hours lecture, three hours lab. Prerequisite: Biology 107 or 117 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Recommended: Biology 108 with a grade of C- or better. Fall, spring.
BIOL–331L Genetics Lab
Fundamental principles of inheritance in animals, plants, and microorganisms with emphasis on molecular genetics. Three hours lecture, three hours lab. Prerequisite: Biology 107 or 117 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Recommended: Biology 108 with a grade of C- or better. Fall, spring.
BIOL–333 Animal Behavior (3 credits)
Studies the principles of biological rhythms, migration, aggression, competition, learning, reproduction, and social behavior of animals. Three hours lecture, field studies. Prerequisite: Biology 108 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Spring.
BIOL–350 Vertebrate Zoology (4 credits)
Emphasizes the taxonomy, comparative morphology, behavior, and life history of vertebrates. Three hours lecture, three hours lab, field studies. Prerequisite: Biology 108 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Spring.
BIOL–350L Vetebrate Zoology Lab
Emphasizes the taxonomy, comparative morphology, behavior, and life history of vertebrates. Three hours lecture, three hours lab, field studies. Prerequisite: Biology 108 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Spring.
BIOL–360 Summer Field Station Study (1-3 credits)
Biology studies conducted at a marine, freshwater,mountain, or desert field station. Summer.
BIOL–399 Special Topics in Biology (1-4 credits)
Lectures, discussions, or special laboratory topics not covered in regular course offerings. Provides greater depth to topics of special interest or explores rapidly changing areas in biology. May be repeated. Prerequisites announced when specific topics scheduled.
BIOL–414 Plant Diversity (4 credits)
Studies the identification and classification of local vascular plants. Herbarium collection required. Three hours lecture, four hours lab. Prerequisite: Biology 109 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Spring, alternate years.
BIOL–414L Plant Diversity Lab
Studies the identification and classification of local vascular plants. Herbarium collection required. Three hours lecture, four hours lab. Prerequisite: Biology 109 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Spring, alternate years.
BIOL–415 Biostatistics Computational Biology (4 credits)
Explores biological systems using quantitative biological models. Application of statistical tools, numerical data sets, and computer-based techniques to test hypotheses, create predictive models, and interpret results and patterns. Three hours lecture, three hours lab. Prerequisite: Biology 320 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Spring, alternate years.
BIOL–415L Biostatistics Lab
Explores biological systems using quantitative biological models. Application of statistical tools, numerical data sets, and computer-based techniques to test hypotheses, create predictive models, and interpret results and patterns. Three hours lecture, three hours lab. Prerequisite: Biology 320 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Spring, alternate years.
BIOL–423 Ecology (4 credits)
Examines how organisms interact with each other and with their environment. Addresses the physical environment and the way physiological adaptations organisms have evolved to exploit it, population dynamics, interactions between species populations, biogeography, and environmental issues, especially those that relate to the impact of humans on the ecology of natural populations of plants and animals. Three hours lecture, three hours lab, field studies. Prerequisite: Biology 320 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Fall, alternate years.
BIOL–423L Ecology Lab
Examines how organisms interact with each other and with their environment. Addresses the physical environment and the way physiological adaptations organisms have evolved to exploit it, population dynamics, interactions between species populations, biogeography and environmental issues, especially those that relate to the impact of humans on the ecology of natural populations of plants and animals. Three hours lecture, three hours lab, field studies. Prerequisite: Biology 320 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Recommended: Biology 108, 109 with a grade of C- or better. Fall, alternate years.
BIOL–425 Developmental Biology (4 credits)
Studies the cellular, genetic, and molecular interactions of animal development. Three hours lecture, three hours lab. Prerequisite: Biology 331 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Spring, alternate years.
BIOL–425L Developmental Biology Lab
Studies the cellular, genetic, and molecular interactions of animal development. Three hours lecture, three hours lab. Prerequisite: Biology 331 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Spring, alternate years.
BIOL–427 Animal Physiology (4 credits)
Studies the normal functions of animal organs and systems. Topics include metabolism, transmission of nerve impulses, reproduction, and effects of hormones. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Prerequisites: Biology 107 or 117, 108, and Chemistry 240 with a grade of C- or better; or permission of instructor. Fall.
BIOL–427L Animal Physiology Lab
Studies the normal functions of animal organs and systems. Topics include metabolism, transmission of nerve impulses, reproduction, and effects of hormones. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Prerequisites: Biology 107 or 117, 108, and Chemistry 240 with a grade of C- or better; or permission of instructor. Fall.
BIOL–428 Plant Physiology (4 credits)
Major biological activities of higher plants with emphasis on water relations, mineral nutrition, metabolism, growth, and development. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Prerequisites: Biology 109 and Chemistry 118 with a grade of C- or better; or permission of instructor.
BIOL–428L Plant Physiology Lab
Major biological activities of higher plants with emphasis on water relations, mineral nutrition, metabolism, growth, and development. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Prerequisites: Biology 109 and Chemistry 118 with a grade of C- or better; or permission of instructor.
BIOL–430 Microbiology (4 credits)
Covers general principles of bacterial growth and activities. Three hours lecture, four hours lab. Prerequisite: Biology 107 or 117 with a grade of C or better; or permission of instructor. Recommended: Biology 109 with a grade of C- or better. Fall.
BIOL–430L Microbiology Lab
Covers general principles of bacterial growth and activities. Three hours lecture, four hours lab. Prerequisite: Biology 107 or 117 with a grade of C or better; or permission of instructor. Recommended: Biology 109 with a grade of C- or better. Fall.
BIOL–434 Parasitology (4 credits)
Studies the nature of parasitism with respect to morphology, physiology, and host parasite relationships. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Prerequisites: Biology 107 or 117, 108 with a grade of C- or better; or permission of instructor. Fall, alternate years.
BIOL–434L Parasitology Lab
Studies the nature of parasitism with respect to morphology, physiology, and host parasite relationships. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Prerequisites: Biology 107 or 117, 108 with a grade of C- or better; or permission of instructor. Fall, alternate years.
BIOL–436 Human Physiology (3 credits)
A detailed study of human function, beginning at a cellular level. Emphasis is placed on the neuromuscular, cardiovascular, pulmonary, renal, and endocrine systems. The effects of exercise and pathology are integrated into each system. Prerequisite: Physical Therapy 431 or permission of the instructor. Fall.
BIOL–440 Cell Biology (4 credits)
Studies the basic principles and information that form the foundation of cell biology, provides exposure to some of the underlying questions of cell biology, and improves skills in analyzing and communicating scientific information. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Prerequisites: Biology 107 or 117, 108, 331, and Chemistry 240 with a grade of C- or better; or permission of instructor. Spring.
BIOL–440L Cell Biology Lab
Studies the basic principles and information that form the foundation of cell biology, provides exposure to some of the underlying questions of cell biology, and improves skills in analyzing and communicating scientific information. Three hours lecture, two hours lab. Prerequisites: Biology 107 or 117, 108, 331, and Chemistry 240 with a grade of C- or better; or permission of instructor. Spring.
BIOL–442 Immunology (4 credits)
Studies cellular and molecular aspects of the immune response. Two hours lecture, two hours lab. Prerequisites: Biology 107 or 117, 108, 440 and Chemistry 240 with a grade of C or better; or permission of instructor. Spring, alternate years.
BIOL–442L Immunology Lab
Studies cellular and molecular aspects of the immune response. Two hours lecture, two hours lab. Prerequisites: Biology 107 or 117, 108, 440 and Chemistry 240 with a grade of C or better; or permission of instructor. Spring, alternate years.
BIOL–445 Molecular Biology (4 credits)
Considers the molecular aspects of biology at the cellular and subcellular levels. Emphasis on the genetic material and intercellular processes and laboratory procedures for studying biology at the molecular level. Three hours lecture; three hours lab. Prerequisites: Biology 331 and Chemistry 240, 341 with a grade of C- or better; or permission of instructor. Recommended: Biology 440. Fall, alternate years.
BIOL–445L Molecular Biology Lab
Considers the molecular aspects of biology at the cellular and subcellular levels. Emphasis on the genetic material and intercellular processes and laboratory procedures for studying biology at the molecular level. Three hours lecture; three hours lab. Prerequisites: Biology 331 and Chemistry 240, 341 with a grade of C- or better; or permission of instructor. Recommended: Biology 440. Fall, alternate years.
BIOL–450 Evolution (3 credits)
Addresses a variety of topics related to evolutionary biology, including the history of evolutionary thought, evolution of sex, group selection, speciation, phylogenetic systematics, coevolution, and molecular evolution. Three hours lecture. Prerequisite: Biology 320 with a grade of C- or better or permission of instructor. Recommended: Biology 107 or 117. Spring,alternate years.
BIOL–455 Research Problems in Genomics (4 credits)
BIOL–455L Research Problems in Genomics Lab
BIOL–460 Special Problems (1-3 credits)
Independent research of a biological problem under the guidance of a faculty member. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. Fall, spring.
BIOL–480 Senior Seminar I (2 credits)
Focuses on the interdisciplinary nature of biology and how life sciences relate to contemporary problems and circumstances. Involves investigative projects, written reports, and presentation of reviews. Prerequisites: At least one 400-level biology course; senior standing. Fall.
BIOL–481 Senior Seminar II (2 credits)
Focuses on interdisciplinary nature of biology and how life sciences relate to contemporary problems and circumstances. Involves written and oral analysis of class material. Prerequisites: At least one 400-level biology course; senior standing. Spring.
BIOL–482 Applied Biology Senior Seminar (3 credits)
For applied biology majors. Focuses on interdisciplinary nature of biology and how life sciences relate to contemporary problems and circumstances. Involves investigative projects, written reports, presentation of reviews, and integrative book reviews primarily in seminar format. Prerequisites: At least one 400-level biology course; senior standing. Spring.
BIOL–498 Internship in Biology (1-6 credits)
Internships are designed to meet the educational needs of students' professional goals and to provide practical experience in a position relating to a specific area of career interest. Developed by the student in conjunction with a faculty supervisor and site supervisor.
BIOL–499 Special Topics in Biology (1-4 credits)
Lectures, discussions, or special laboratory topics not covered in regular course offerings. Provides greater depth to topics of special interest or explores rapidly changing areas in biology. May be repeated. Prerequisites announced when specific topics scheduled.